Omega 3 Fatty Acids and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Recent studies have indicated that the consumption of omega-3 fatty acids in association with certain inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) medication (e.g. sulfasalazine) may reduce symptoms of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. In these studies, it seems that alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), which is found primarily in plant-based foods, such as flaxseed oil, is more successful at reducing bowel inflammation than eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which tend to be from animal-based sources (e.g. from oily fish).